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    Eyewitness to the Fetterman Fight : Indian views
    White Bull, Joseph, 1849-1947.

    Bibliographic Information

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    Eyewitness to the Fetterman Fight : Indian views / edited by John H. Monnett.
    Publication info:
    Norman, OK : University of Oklahoma Press, [2017]
    Copyright info:
    Physical description:
    xii, 232 pages : maps, illustrations, portraits ; 24 cm
    Content type:
    Bibliography note:
    Includes bibliographical references and index.
    A Miniconjou account: Joseph White Bull -- Oglala accounts: Black Elk; Fire Thunder; American Horse -- Addison E. Sheldon short interviews, 1903: White Face, Eagle Hawk, Red Fly, Rocky Bear -- The question of Red Cloud -- The enigma of Crazy Horse -- Northern Cheyenne accounts: Wooden Leg; Two Moons; White Elk; Black Bear -- Memory and legacy of the Fetterman Fight: Connecting the past to the present -- Storytelling -- Legacy and the Treaty of 1868 -- Afterword: Captain William J. Fetterman -- Claimed Indian warriors killed or mortally wounded on December 21, 1866, near Fort Phil Kearny -- Wasicu/Vehoé casualties -- Margaret Carrington's Views of Indians -- Indian speeches made regarding the 1868 Fort Laramie Peace Treaty -- Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 -- Red Cloud's speech at Cooper Union, New York, July 16, 1870.
    The Fetterman Fight ranks among the most crushing defeats suffered by the U.S. Army in the nineteenth-century West. On December 21, 1866 -- during Red Cloud's War (1866-1868) -- a well-organized force of 1,500 to 2,000 Oglala Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors annihilated a detachment of seventy-nine infantry and cavalry soldiers, among them Captain William Judd Fetterman, and two civilian contractors. With no survivors on the U.S. side, the only eyewitness accounts of the battle came from Lakota and Cheyenne participants. Historian John H. Monnett presents these Native views, drawn from previously published sources as well as newly-discovered interviews. Supplemented with archaeological evidence, these narratives flesh out historical understanding of Red Cloud's War. Climate change in the mid-nineteenth century made the resource-rich Powder River Country in today's Wyoming increasingly important to Plains Indians. At the same time, the discovery of gold in Montana encouraged prospectors to pass through the Powder River region on their way north, and so the U.S. Army began to construct new forts along the Bozeman Trail. In the resulting conflict, the Lakotas and Cheyennes defended their hunting ranges and trade routes. Traditional histories have laid the blame for Fetterman's 1866 defeat and death on his incompetent leadership -- and thus implied that the Indian alliance succeeded only because of Fetterman's personal failings. Monnett's sources paint another picture. Narratives like those of Miniconjou Lakota warrior White Bull suggest that Fetterman's actions were not seen as rash or reprehensible until after the fact. Nor did his men flee the field in panic. Rather, they fought bravely to the end. The Indians, for their part, used their knowledge of the terrain to carefully plan and execute an ambush, ensuring them victory.
    Personal subject:
    Red Cloud, 1822-1909.
    Personal subject:
    Crazy Horse, approximately 1842-1877.
    Personal subject:
    Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938.
    Personal subject:
    Sheldon, Addison Erwin, 1861-1943.
    Subject term:
    Fetterman Fight, Wyo., 1866--Personal narratives.
    Subject term:
    Cheyenne Indians--History--19th century.
    Subject term:
    Lakota Indians--History--19th century.
    Subject term:
    Cheyenne Indians--Wars.
    Subject term:
    Dakota Indians--Wars.
    Subject term:
    Cheyenne Indians--Biography.
    Subject term:
    Lakota Indians--Biography.
    Geographic term:
    Wyoming--History--19th century.
    Genre or Form:
    Personal narratives.
    Added author:
    White Bull, Joseph, 1849-1947.
    Added author:
    Black Elk, 1863-1950.
    Added author:
    American Horse, Dakota chief, 1840-1908.
    Added author:
    Wooden Leg, 1858-1940.
    Added author:
    Two Moon (Cheyenne Indian), 1847-1917.
    Added author:
    Monnett, John H., editor of compilation.
    9780806155821 (hardcover : alk. paper)
    0806155825 (hardcover : alk. paper)

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